An incisional hernia (IH) is a ventral hernia that develops after surgical trauma to the abdominal wall, a laparotomy. IH repair is a common surgery that can generate chronic pain, decreased quality of life, and significant healthcare costs caused by hospital readmissions. The goal of this study is to analyze the clinical pathway of patients having an IH using a medico-administrative database and predictive modeling. Predictive modeling in healthcare is used, among other things, to understand the times of occurrence of complications and associated costs. It enables the simulation of what-if scenarios to propose an improved care pathway for patients who are the most exposed.