Academic articles

A Simulation-Based Investigation of Freight Transportation Policy Planning and Supply Chains

Regional freight transportation policy planning is a difficult task, as few policy-planners have adequate tools to aid their understanding of how various policy formulations affect this complex, socio-technical system. In this paper, we develop a proof-of-concept model to simulate the impacts of public policies on freight transportation in a simulated region. We use the techniques of multi-disciplinary system design and optimization to analyze the formulation of regional freight transportation policies and examine the relative effects of policies and exogenous forces on the region in order to provide insight into the policy-planning process. Both single objective and multi-objective analysis is performed to provide policy-planners with a clear understanding of the trade-offs made in policy formulation.

Coordination of production and ordering policies undercapacity disruption and product write-off risk: ananalytical study with real-data based simulations of a fastmoving consumer goods company

Performance impacts of ordering and production control policies in the presence of capacity disruptions are studied on the real-life example of a retail supply chain with product perishability considerations. Constraints on product perishability typically result in reductions in safety stock and increases in transportation frequency. Consideration of the production capacity disruption risks may lead to safety stock increases. This trade-off is approached with the help of a simulation model that is used to compare supply chain performance impacts with regard to coordinated and non-coordinated ordering and production control policies.

The Urban Dynamics Educational Simulator: Tutorial for a Tool to Teach Agent-Based and Land Use and Transport Interactions Modeling

This paper describes a simple educational simulation tool to teach about agent-based modeling (ABM) and land use and transportation (LUT) interactions in urbanized regions. The relationship between land use and transportation in urban areas shows a dynamic complexity which is difficult to model with static or very aggregated approaches. Agent-based simulation is becoming a standard to model certain complex systems including LUT interactions. The LUT modeling with Agent-Based simulation has been evolving over the last 20 years and there are some complete models being applied to real metropolitan areas. In this paper, only some of the ingredients of those models are presented in an easy to explain agent-based model that can be used in classes.

Dynamic Recovery Policies for Time-Critical Supply Chains under Conditions of Ripple Effect

We consider time critical supply chains in the Australia dairy industry and re-covery policies in the presence of the ripple effect. Ripple effect is the impact of a dis-ruption on supply chain economic performance and disruption-based scope of changes needed in the supply structures and parameters to preserve the resilience. First, we de-scribe the ripple effect in general and one example of the ripple effect in the dairy supply chain in Australia. Second, we present a model for reactive recovery policies in the dairy supply chain under conditions of the ripple effect and exemplify them on a simulation example. The results of this study can be used in future for comparing proactive and re-active approaches to tackling the ripple effect from resilience and flexibility views.

Simulation-based Single versus Dual Sourcing Analysis in the Supply Chain with Consideration of Capacity Disruptions, Big Data and Demand Patterns

Sourcing strategy analysis in the settings of supply chain flexibility in regard to single vs dual sourcing has been a well explored area over the last two decades. In recent years, single vs dual sourcing analy-sis has been increasingly introduced in supply chain disruption management. Since most of the deci-sion-support models for supply chain sourcing strategy adaptation in the case of disruptions presume real-time information and coordination, the issues of Big Data and business intelligence needs to be included into the consideration. A supply chain simulation model with consideration of capacity dis-ruption and Big Data along with experimental results are presented. Based on both literature analysis and modelling example, managerial insights are derived. A set of sensitivity experiments allows to illustrate the model’s behaviour. The analysis suggest recommendation on using single sourcing, ca-pacity flexibility, and dual sourcing for different combinations of demand and inventory patterns. The paper is concluded by summarizing the most important insights and outlining future research agenda.

Simulation-based Ripple Effect Modelling in the Supply Chain

In light of low-frequency/high-impact disruptions, the ripple effect has recently been intro-duced into academic literature on supply chain management. The ripple effect in the supply chain results from disruption propagation from the initial disruption point to the supply, pro-duction and distribution networks. While optimization modelling dominates this research field, the potential of simulation modelling still remains under-explored. The objective of this study is to reveal research gaps that can be closed with the help of simulation modelling.

Agent-based Analysis of Picker Blocking in Manual Order Picking Systems: Effects of Routing Combinations on Throughput Time

Order picking is one of the most labor- and time-consuming processes in supply chains. Improving the performance of order picking is thus a frequently researched topic. Due to high cost pressure for warehouse managers the space in storage areas has to be used efficiently. Hence narrow-aisle warehouses where order pickers cannot pass as well as several order pickers working in the same area are common. This leads to congestion which is in this context referred to as picker blocking. This paper employs an agent-based simulation approach to investigate the effects of picker blocking in manual order picking systems with different combinations of routing policies for three order pickers in a rectangular warehouse with narrow-aisles.

Simulating A Physical Internet Enabled Mobility Web: The Case Of Mass Distribution In France

Physical Internet (PI) is a novel concept aiming to render more economically, environmentally and socially efficient and sustainable the way physical objects are transported, handled, stored, realized, supplied and used throughout the world. It enables, among other webs, the Mobility Web which deals with moving physical objects within an interconnected set of unimodal and multimodal hubs, transits, ports, roads and ways.

Logistics Simulation and Optimization for Managing Disaster Responses

Catastrophic events such as hurricanes, earthquakes or floods require emergency responders to rapidly distribute emergency relief supplies to protect the health and lives of victims. In this paper we develop a simulation and optimization framework for managing the logistics of distributing relief supplies in a multi-tier supply network. The simulation model captures optimized stocking of relief supplies, distribution operations at federal or state-operated staging facilities, demand uncertainty, and the dynamic progression of disaster response operations. We apply robust optimization techniques to develop optimized stocking policies and dispatch of relief supplies between staging facilities and points of distribution. The simulation framework accommodates a wide range of disaster scenarios and stressors, and helps assess the efficacy of response plans and policies for better disaster response.